Foundations of Physics

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 658–678 | Cite as

A Relativistic Hidden-Variable Interpretation for the Massive Vector Field Based on Energy-Momentum Flows

  • George Horton
  • Chris DewdneyEmail author


This paper is motivated by the desire to formulate a relativistically covariant hidden-variable particle trajectory interpretation of the quantum theory of the vector field that is formulated in such a way as to allow the inclusion of gravity. We present a methodology for calculating the flows of rest energy and a conserved density for the massive vector field using the time-like eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the stress-energy-momentum tensor. Such flows may be used to define particle trajectories which follow the flow. This work extends our previous work which used a similar procedure for the scalar field. The massive, spin-one, complex vector field is discussed in detail and the flows of energy-momentum are illustrated in a simple example of standing waves in a plane.


Hidden variable de Broglie Bohm Massive vector field Stress energy momentum tensor Eigen vectors 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SEESUniversity of PortsmouthPortsmouthUK

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