The Third Construct of the Universe: Information

  • C. Barreiro
  • Jose M. Barreiro
  • J. A. Lara
  • D. Lizcano
  • M. A. MartínezEmail author
  • J. Pazos


Very few scientists today question the fact that information, together with matter and energy, is one of the three constructs forming the ontology of the universe. However, there is still a long way to go before in order to establish the interrelations between information and energy and information and matter, as Einstein did between matter and energy. In this paper, after introducing the energy, matter, information (IME) model, which covers the three constructs and their relationships, we illustrate real examples—two qualitative and two quantitative—of the interrelations between energy and information. This closes the open question with respect to the interrelationship between energy and information.


Energy IME model Information science Information theory Matter 



The authors would like to thank R.E. for translating this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad de VigoPontevedraSpain
  2. 2.Technical University of MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.UDIMA-Madrid Open UniversityMadridSpain

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