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Foundations of Chemistry

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 199–208 | Cite as

Periodicity in the formulae of carbonyls and the electronic basis of the Periodic Table

  • Peter G. NelsonEmail author
Article

Abstract

The basis of the Periodic Table is discussed. Electronic configuration recurs in only 21 out of the 32 groups. A better basis is derived by considering the highest classical valency (v) exhibited by an element and a new measure, the highest valency in carbonyl compounds (v*). This leads to a table based on the number of outer electrons possessed by an atom (N) and the number of electrons required for it to achieve an inert (noble) gas configuration (N*). Periodicity of these is nearly complete. The new basis helps to settle the question of the best form of table and related issues.

Keywords

Element Periodic Valency Carbonyl Electron 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I am very grateful to the many colleagues with whom I have discussed the Periodic Table over the years, especially the late Dr. B. Michael Chadwick, to whom I dedicate this paper, and Dr. David A. Johnson, who read and commented on earlier drafts. I am also grateful to Dr. Nigel A. Young for references to matrix-isolation studies, and to a reviewer for helpful comments.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of HullHullUK

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