Mereologies as the grammars of chemical discourses
Mereology is the logic of part—whole concepts as they are used in many different contexts. The old chemical metaphysics of atoms and molecules seems to fit classical mereology very well. However, when functional attributes are added to part specifications and quantum mechanical considerations are also added, the rules of classical mereology are breached in chemical discourses. A set theoretical alternative mereology is also found wanting. Molecular orbital theory requires a metaphysics of affordances that also stands outside classical mereology.
KeywordsPart—whole Atom Moelcule Set Ion Affordance Mass substances
- Lewis, D.: Parts of Classes. Blackwell, Oxford (1991)Google Scholar
- Mulliken, R.S.: Electronic structures of polyatomic molecules and valence III. Quantum theory of the double bond. Phys. Rev. 41, 754 (1932)Google Scholar
- Mulliken, R.S.: Life of a Scientist. Springer-Verlag, Berlin and London (1981)Google Scholar
- Ramsay, D. A. and Hinze, J.: Selected Papers of Robert S. Mulliken. (1932)Google Scholar
- Simons, P.: Parts. Clarendon Press, Oxford (1987)Google Scholar