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Foundations of Chemistry

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 221–234 | Cite as

From the Mendeleev periodic table to particle physics and back to the periodic table

  • Maurice R. Kibler
Article

Abstract

We briefly describe in this paper the passage from Mendeleev’s chemistry (1869) to atomic physics (in the 1900’s), nuclear physics (in 1932) and particle physics (from 1953 to 2006). We show how the consideration of symmetries, largely used in physics since the end of the 1920’s, gave rise to a new format of the periodic table in the 1970’s. More specifically, this paper is concerned with the application of the group SO(4,2)⊗SU(2) to the periodic table of chemical elements. It is shown how the Madelung rule of the atomic shell model can be used to set up a periodic table that can be further rationalized via the group SO(4,2)⊗SU(2) and some of its sub-groups. Qualitative results are obtained from this nonstandard table.

Keywords

Atomic and sub-atomic physics Group theory Flavor group Periodic table of chemical elements 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Thanks are due to the Referee for pertinent criticism and useful suggestions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université de Lyon, Institut de Physique Nucléaire, université Lyon 1 and CNRS/IN2P3Villeurbanne CedexFrance

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