Foundations of Chemistry

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 127–137

Where to put hydrogen in a periodic table?


DOI: 10.1007/s10698-006-9027-5

Cite this article as:
Laing, M. Found Chem (2007) 9: 127. doi:10.1007/s10698-006-9027-5


A modification of the regular medium-form periodic table is presented in which certain elements are placed in more than one position. H is included at the top of both the alkali metals and the halogens; He is above Be and above Ne. The column of noble gases is duplicated as Groups O and 18. The elements of the second and third periods are duplicated above the transition metals. This arrangement displays more patterns and connections between the elements than are seen in the regular format. It fits more facts and so gives better guidance to useful predictions.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DurbanRepublic of South Africa

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