Foundations of Chemistry

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 127–137

Where to put hydrogen in a periodic table?

Article

Abstract

A modification of the regular medium-form periodic table is presented in which certain elements are placed in more than one position. H is included at the top of both the alkali metals and the halogens; He is above Be and above Ne. The column of noble gases is duplicated as Groups O and 18. The elements of the second and third periods are duplicated above the transition metals. This arrangement displays more patterns and connections between the elements than are seen in the regular format. It fits more facts and so gives better guidance to useful predictions.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cronyn M.W. (2003) The Proper Place for Hydrogen in the Periodic Table. Journal of Chemical Education 80:947–951Google Scholar
  2. Greenwood N.N., Earnshaw A. (1984) Chemistry of the Elements. Pergamon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. Ihde J. (1984) The Development of Modern Chemistry. Dover, New York, pp. 79, 253Google Scholar
  4. Kaesz H., Atkins P. (2003) A Central Position for Hydrogen in the Periodic Table. Chemistry International 25: 14Google Scholar
  5. Laing M. (1989) The Periodic Table – Again. Education in Chemistry 26: 177–178Google Scholar
  6. Laing M. (2005) A Revised Periodic Table: with the Lanthanides Repositioned. Foundation of Chemistry 7: 203–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mazurs E. (1974) Graphic Representation of the Periodic System During One Hundred Years. Alabama University Press, Tuscaloosa, ALGoogle Scholar
  8. D. Mendeleev. Osnovy Khimii, 10th ed. Moscow: G.N.T. Izdetelstvo, 1931; Vol.␣1, pp. xix–xxi, xxxv. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. Partington J.R. (1989) A Short History of Chemistry. 3rd ed. Dover, New York, p. 349Google Scholar
  10. Pauling L. (1952) College Chemistry. Freeman, San Francisco, p. 86Google Scholar
  11. Pauling L. (1960) The Nature of the Chemical Bond 3rd ed. Cornell UP, Ithaca NY, p. 54.Google Scholar
  12. Rayner-Canham G. (2000) Periodic Patterns. Journal of Chemical Education 77:1053–1056CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. R. Rich. Periodic Correlations. New York: Benjamin, 1965. Different formats are used for different purposes: see pp. 3–4. 50, 61, 80Google Scholar
  14. D.H. Rouvray and R.B. King (Eds.) The Periodic Table into the 21st Century. Philadelphia: IOP, 2004; pp. 130, 132, 139Google Scholar
  15. Sanderson R.T. (1967) Inorganic Chemistry. Reinhold, New York, pp. 15, 244Google Scholar
  16. W. Shakespeare. Hamlet,Act II, Scene 2, line 259Google Scholar
  17. J.W. van Spronsen. The Periodic System of Chemical Elements. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1969, pp. 129, 134, 137, 149, 151, 156, 160, 353Google Scholar
  18. W.M. Welch Scientific Company, 1515 Sedgwick Street, Chicago, Illinois, 1959Google Scholar
  19. H.E. White. Introduction to Atomic Spectra. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1934, p. 85, Table 5.4Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DurbanRepublic of South Africa

Personalised recommendations