Scheduling appointments for container truck arrivals considering their effects on congestion

  • Sanghyuk Yi
  • Bernd Scholz-Reiter
  • Taehoon Kim
  • Kap Hwan KimEmail author


Trucking companies deliver a large number of containers every day to container terminals at hub ports. Truck drivers for the delivery operation can experience long waiting times when they arrive at peak hours. This study proposes a scheduling method for appointments that considers the cost of trucks staying in the terminal, demurrage cost, container delivery cost, number of appointments allowed at each time window and block, and number of trucks available during each time window. Unlike previous studies, this study considers the effects of the appointments on the waiting time at the terminal when the appointment schedule is constructed. This paper introduces a mathematical formulation and a heuristic algorithm based on the Frank–Wolfe algorithm to solve the problem within a reasonable computational time. Numerical experiments are conducted to compare the proposed algorithm with the other heuristic approaches and analyze the effects of the appointments using empirical data. In addition, the impact of appointments by multiple trucking companies is examined.


Container terminal Appointment system Trucking company Scheduling 



Funding was provided by National Research Foundation of Korea (2016R1D1A3B03934161).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Graduate School (IGS) for Dynamics in Logistics, Production EngineeringUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Computer EngineeringPusan National UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Industrial EngineeringPusan National UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea

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