Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal

, Volume 29, Issue 3–4, pp 659–688 | Cite as

The regional port competition with different terminal competition intensity

  • Mingzhu YuEmail author
  • Chung-Yee Lee
  • James Jixian Wang


This paper studies the regional container port competition problem which involves two port cities each with its own container terminal. We provide two-level game-theoretic models to characterize several practice-related issues, such as container terminal cooperation situation, and the difference between local in/out and transshipment container throughputs. Numerical experiments are conducted based on the port system in the Pearl River Delta area of China. We find that (1) the two ports in the heterogeneous regional port system should focus on differentiating services rather than compete with each other in every service; (2) the terminal cooperation may not be preferred by both of the port city governments; (3) the developed port will gradually dominate the transshipment container business in the system, leaving the developing port to focus its efforts on the local in/out container business instead.


OR in maritime industry Container terminal Port competition Terminal cooperation Hotelling model 



The work described in this paper was substantially supported by a grant from the Research Grants Council of the HKSAR, China, T32-620/11. The first author is partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 71302109) and Natural Science Foundation of SZU (Grant No. 201422). The authors are also grateful to the managers from Hong Kong International Terminals (HIT) for their valuable information.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Transportation EngineeringShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  2. 2.Department of Industrial Engineering and Logistics ManagementThe Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyClear Water Bay, KowloonHong Kong
  3. 3.Department of GeographyThe University of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong

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