Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 466–502 | Cite as

An analytical model for designing yard layouts of a straddle carrier based container terminal

  • Jörg WieseEmail author
  • Leena Suhl
  • Natalia Kliewer


In designing a yard layout for a container terminal several decisions have to be made. In this paper we propose a model which provides decision support for the design of yard layouts of terminals at which straddle carrier are used. We assume that straddle carriers are used for the horizontal transport and the stacking of containers. For the proposed model we develop estimates for the expected cycle distances of straddle carriers. In this case, we distinguish between cycles to landside facilities and to the quay. Numerical results are presented for several parameter settings. For instance, we present results for a comparison of layouts where the rows in the block are orientated parallel with layouts where the rows are orientated perpendicularly to the quay.


Container terminal Yard layout Straddle carrier 



The authors would like to thank the anonymous referees for their useful comments on an earlier version of the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Decision Support and Operations Research LabUniversity of PaderbornPaderbornGermany
  2. 2.Department of Information SystemsFreie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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