A cross-talk between leptin and 17β-estradiol in vitellogenin synthesis in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss liver

  • Marina PaolucciEmail author
  • Elena Coccia
  • Roberta Imperatore
  • Ettore Varricchio


The existence of nutritional and energy reserves is fundamental for fish female fertility, so that the existence of a correlation between metabolic reserves and reproductive capacity is suggested. Leptin regulates body weight and energy homeostasis. Estradiol induces the synthesis of vitellogenin, a phospholipoglycoprotein produced by the liver and taken up by the growing oocytes. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible existence of a crosstalk between 17β-estradiol (E2) and leptin in the modulation of E2-induced vtg in the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Liver slices were incubated with recombinant trout leptin (rt-lep) at three different concentrations (1–10–100 ng/ml). rt-lep brought about the decrease of E2-induced vtg secretion in the medium and the down-regulation of vtg mRNA expression. Moreover, rt-lep stimulated the lipase activity and diminished the liver fatty acid content. The combined employment of signal transduction inhibitors and the analysis of signal transduction phosphorylated factors revealed that rt-lep effect on E2-induced vtg occurred through the activation of phosphodiesterase, protein kinase C, MAP kinases, and protein kinase A. In conclusion, our study suggests that leptin influences E2-induced vtg synthesis in the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss by modifying both the protein and the lipid components.


Rainbow trout Liver Leptin Vitellogenin Cellular pathways 



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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sciences and TechnologiesUniversity of SannioBeneventoItaly

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