Muscle fatty acid profiles of sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus L.) indicate the use of fast metabolized energy during ontogenesis

  • Elói Martins
  • Pedro R. Almeida
  • Bernardo R. Quintella
  • Marco Gomes da Silva
  • Maria João LançaEmail author


A comprehensive characterization of muscle’s FA composition of sea lamprey ammocoetes and adults was performed to test the hypothesis that larvae, and early spawning migrants have a similar FA profile prior to metamorphosis and to spawning migration. Subsequently, the role played by FA signature in these two highly demanding stages of life cycle was inferred. The results confirm that muscle represents an important fat reservoir, and the FA trophic markers revealed the importance of bacteria as sources of iso and anteiso FA and the strong trophic representation of benthic phytoplankton (diatoms) to larvae muscle FA profile. In early spawning migrants, the significance of marine food web to FA muscle profile is highlighted by the presence of FA signatures characteristics of herbivorous calanoid copepods. Although both life cycle phases studied do not share the same muscle FA signature, there is a part of the profile that is common, which is characterized by FA used in β-oxidation, such as C18:1ω9 but also by medium chain FA and PUFA which points that PUFA are spared as fuel to β-oxidation process and probably used to the development of tissues membranes (ammocoetes) and gonadal development and eicosanoid production among others (early spawning migrants). Further studies on FA profile are necessary to elucidate the FA role either during different life stages (ontogeny) or in the distinct habitats frequented (freshwater versus marine) by this diadromous species.


Petromyzon marinus Ammocoete Migration Lipid profile GC/MS chromatography 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by FEDER by means of “Programa Operacional Fatores de Competitividade—COMPETE” and National Funds through FCT—Foundation for Science and Technology via project UID/MAR/04292/2013. Additionally, this work supported by the Associate Laboratory for Green Chemistry LAQV, which is financed by national funds from FCT/MEC (UID/QUI/50006/2013) and co-financed by the ERDF under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007265).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LAQV, REQUIMTE—Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiasUniversidade Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal
  2. 2.Departamento de Biologia, Escola de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade de ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  3. 3.MARE—Centro de Ciências do Mar e do AmbienteUniversidade de ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  4. 4.Departamento de Biologia Animal, Faculdade de CiênciasUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  5. 5.Departamento de Zootecnia, Escola de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade de ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  6. 6.ICAAM—Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Departamento de ZootecniaEscola de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal

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