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Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 1333–1344 | Cite as

Effects of short-chain fructooligosaccharides (scFOS) and rearing temperature on growth performance and hepatic intermediary metabolism in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) juveniles

  • Inês Guerreiro
  • Paula Enes
  • Aires Oliva-Teles
Article

Abstract

The effect of dietary short-chain fructooligosaccharides (scFOS) incorporation on growth, feed utilization, body composition, plasmatic metabolites and liver activity of key enzymes of lipogenic and amino acid catabolic pathways was evaluated in gilthead sea bream reared at 18 and 25 °C. Four practical diets containing plant ingredients and fish meal (50:50) as protein sources and supplemented with 0, 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 % scFOS were fed to triplicate groups of fish for 8 weeks. Growth performance, feed efficiency and nitrogen retention were higher at 25 °C. In fish reared at 18 °C, there was a positive correlation between dietary scFOS concentration and growth. At 18 °C, liver glycogen was higher in fish fed the control diet, while at 25 °C it was higher in fish fed the 0.5 % scFOS diet. Plasma cholesterol LDL was lower in fish fed 0.25 % scFOS diet, and in fish reared at 18 °C plasma glucose was higher in fish fed the 0.1 % scFOS diet. Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, fatty acid synthetase and aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT) activities were higher in fish reared at 18 °C, whereas alanine aminotransferase activity was higher in fish reared at 25 °C. scFOS affected ASAT activity, which was lower in fish fed 0.25 % scFOS diet. Although, scFOS seemed to have no major effects on gilthead sea bream metabolism, the positive correlation between dietary prebiotic incorporation and growth at 18 °C indicates a beneficial effect of scFOS in fish reared at low temperatures.

Keywords

Amino acid catabolism enzymes Lipogenic enzymes Plasmatic metabolites Prebiotics Temperature Gilthead sea bream 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was partially supported by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) through the COMPETE—Operational Competitiveness Programme and national funds through FCT—Foundation for Science and Technology, under the project “PEst-C/MAR/LA0015/2011”. The first and second authors were supported by grants (SFRH/BD/76139/2011 and BPD/39688/2007, respectively) from FCT, Portugal. We would like to express our thanks to Pedro Correia for the assistance during the growth trial. Authors would also thank to Jefo Species-specific additives France, for providing the prebiotic.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inês Guerreiro
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paula Enes
    • 1
  • Aires Oliva-Teles
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CIMAR/CIIMAR - Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e AmbientalUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de CiênciasUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal

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