Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 151–155 | Cite as

Water pH and Prochilodus lineatus larvae survival

  • E. Zaniboni-Filho
  • A. P. O. Nuñer
  • D. A. Reynalte-Tataje
  • R. L. Serafini
Article

Abstract

The present study aimed to determine the influence of water pH on survival of curimbatá, Prochilodus lineatus, larvae. Forty-five 2-l glass aquaria with artificial aeration and no water exchange were stocked at a density of 10 larvae l−1. The pH values used as treatments were 3.7 ± 0.0, 4.0 ± 0.0, 4.4 ± 0.2, 4.6 ± 0.2, 4.8 ± 0.2, 5.1 ± 0.2, 5.3 ± 0.2, 5.6 ± 0.2, 7.2 ± 0.2, 8.7 ± 0.4, 9.0 ± 0.4, 9.2 ± 0.4, 9.4 ± 0.6, 9.7 ± 0.5 and 10.0 ± 0.5 in a completely random experimental design with three repetitions. Water pH was maintained by the addition of NaOH or H2SO4 solutions. After 72 h of experiment, no survival was registered at pH below 4.6, 1.5% survival at pH 4.6, and about 50% survival at pH 9.4 and above. Survival rates between 70 and 80% were registered at pH 4.8–5.6 and at pH 7.2, whereas over 90% survival was registered at pH between 8.7 and 9.2.

Keywords

Acidic water Alkaline water Curimbatá Larviculture Mortality 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Zaniboni-Filho
    • 1
  • A. P. O. Nuñer
    • 1
  • D. A. Reynalte-Tataje
    • 1
  • R. L. Serafini
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biology and Culture of Freshwater Fish, Department of AquacultureFederal University of Santa CatarinaFlorianopolisBrazil

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