Fire Technology

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 813–825

Health Effects of the World Trade Center 9/11 Disaster: An Overview

  • Michael A. Crane
  • Debra J. Milek
  • Yelena Globina
  • Leah Seifu
  • Philip J. Landrigan
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10694-012-0284-7

Cite this article as:
Crane, M.A., Milek, D.J., Globina, Y. et al. Fire Technol (2013) 49: 813. doi:10.1007/s10694-012-0284-7

Abstract

More than ten years after the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center (WTC) disaster, 9/11 responders and lower Manhattan community residents still suffer from the adverse health consequences of this horrific event. Upper and lower respiratory conditions such as rhinosinusitis and asthma have been found in a significant number of people in WTC-exposed populations. A lack of appropriate respiratory protection may have contributed to these effects. Other commonly observed physical health conditions include gastro-esophageal reflux disease, obstructive sleep apnea and musculoskeletal injuries. Many WTC-exposed individuals also suffer from mental health conditions, primarily post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, panic disorder, and substantial stress reaction. Recent studies suggest that WTC exposure may increase the risk of cancer and of mortality from cardiac disease. Further research should be conducted to fully understand the impact of the WTC disaster on the health of these populations.

Keywords

World Trade Center 9/11 Health effects Responders Community Residents Preventive medicine 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (Outside the USA) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Crane
    • 1
  • Debra J. Milek
    • 1
  • Yelena Globina
    • 1
  • Leah Seifu
    • 1
  • Philip J. Landrigan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Preventive MedicineMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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