Fire Technology

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 3–26 | Cite as

Human Factors Associated with the Selection of Lifts/Elevators or Stairs in Emergency and Normal Usage Conditions

Article

Abstract

This paper presents an overview of human factors data collected via an online survey related to the use of lifts (elevators) and stairs during both circulation and evacuation scenarios. Survey participants were presented with a series of hypothetical situations and asked how they would behave. The survey was split into two broad sections, the first dealing with normal circulation usage of lifts/stairs and the second dealing with evacuation usage of lifts/stairs. Detailed demographic information about each participant was also collected. In total some 468 people from 23 countries completed the survey. An overview of the survey and initial results are presented in this paper.

Keywords

Highrise building evacuation Human behaviour Human factors Evacuation modelling Survey Lifts Elevators 

Nomenclature

N

Number of participants that gave a response to a specific question(s) or provided demographic information

y

Proportion people that would consider using a lift

x

Floor number that the people are located on above ground level

p

Probability (that the observed values are different from the expected due to chance)

χ2

Chi-square value

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG)University of GreenwichLondonUK

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