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Fire Technology

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 475–489 | Cite as

Effect of Wind and Slope When Scaling the Forest Fires Rate of Spread of Laboratory Experiments

  • Yolanda Pérez
  • Elsa Pastor
  • Alba Àgueda
  • Eulalia PlanasEmail author
Article

Abstract

This paper uses the scaling laws obtained from a Froude Modeling perspective to analyze the variations experienced in the rate of spread of wind-aided and up-slope laboratory fires when changing the size of a scale model. The results have shown that the rate of spread scaling law is no longer verified when working at laboratory scale in steep slopes and high wind speed conditions. The paper also provides a framework for scaling and scale issues in forest fire research.

Keywords

Changing scale Dimensional analysis Scaling laws Forest fires behaviour 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science under the projects AGL2005-07269 and AGL2008-01161. It is also supported by the European Social Fund, the Technical University of Catalonia (UPC), the Department of Universities, Research and the Information Society (DURSI) of the Autonomous Government of Catalonia. This entity also supports this research under the project No. 2009SGR1118. The authors want to thank Prof. Xavier Viegas for generously let us use the experimental set-ups in the LEIF laboratory, and all the ADAI team for the support received during the experimentation.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yolanda Pérez
    • 1
  • Elsa Pastor
    • 1
  • Alba Àgueda
    • 1
  • Eulalia Planas
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Center for Technological Risk Studies (CERTEC), Universitat Politècnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain

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