Generalized fiducial confidence intervals for extremes
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The generalized Pareto distribution is relevant to many situations when modeling extremes of random variables. In particular, peaks over threshold data approximately follow the generalized Pareto distribution. We use a fiducial framework to perform inference on the parameters and the extreme quantiles of the generalized Pareto. This inference technique is demonstrated both when the threshold is a known and unknown parameter. Assuming the threshold is a known parameter resulted in fiducial intervals with good empirical properties and asymptotically correct coverage. Likewise, our simulation results suggest that the fiducial intervals and point estimates compare favorably to the competing methods seen in the literature. The proposed intervals for the extreme quantiles when the threshold is unknown also have good empirical properties regardless of the underlying distribution of the data. Comparisons to a similar Bayesian method suggest that the fiducial intervals have better coverage and are similar in length with fewer assumptions. In addition to simulation results, the proposed method is applied to a data set from the NASDAQ 100. The data set is analyzed using the fiducial approach and its competitors for both cases when the threshold is known and unknown. R code for our procedure can be downloaded at http://www.unc.edu/~hannig/.
KeywordsFiducial inference Extreme quantile Peaks over threshold MCMC
AMS 2000 Subject Classifications62G32 62G05 62F10 62P12 62P05 62P30
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