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Induced X-ray fluorescence background for high-voltage space based detectors

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Abstract

A sounding rocket utilizing Gaseous Electron Multiplier detectors experienced a strong source of unexpected signal during flight which prevented the acquisition of usable science data. We find that the flight data is well-matched with a simple fluorescence model corresponding to K- and L-emission lines of the materials present inside the payload. Illuminating the payload with a laboratory electron source produces a similar spectrum. The signal appears to be caused by the presence of ionospheric electrons inside the payload being accelerated by our high-voltage X-ray detectors to energies that can cause fluorescence of the payload interior. Future space based missions utilizing high-voltage detectors should consider the dangers of high-altitude electrons as a potential source of background signal. Missions utilizing Gaseous Electron Multiplier detectors may be at particular risk.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by NASA grant NNX13AD03G.

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Correspondence to T. Rogers.

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Rogers, T., McEntaffer, R., McCoy, J. et al. Induced X-ray fluorescence background for high-voltage space based detectors. Exp Astron (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-019-09649-5

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Keywords

  • Gaseous electron multiplier
  • Sounding rocket
  • High-altitude electrons
  • X-Ray
  • Fluorescence