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Experimental Astronomy

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 45–65 | Cite as

The contribution of the ARIEL space mission to the study of planetary formation

  • D. TurriniEmail author
  • Y. Miguel
  • T. Zingales
  • A. Piccialli
  • R. Helled
  • A. Vazan
  • F. Oliva
  • G. Sindoni
  • O. Panić
  • J. Leconte
  • M. Min
  • S. Pirani
  • F. Selsis
  • V. Coudé du Foresto
  • A. Mura
  • P. Wolkenberg
Original Article

Abstract

The study of extrasolar planets and of the Solar System provides complementary pieces of the mosaic represented by the process of planetary formation. Exoplanets are essential to fully grasp the huge diversity of outcomes that planetary formation and the subsequent evolution of the planetary systems can produce. The orbital and basic physical data we currently possess for the bulk of the exoplanetary population, however, do not provide enough information to break the intrinsic degeneracy of their histories, as different evolutionary tracks can result in the same final configurations. The lessons learned from the Solar System indicate us that the solution to this problem lies in the information contained in the composition of planets. The goal of the Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large-survey (ARIEL), one of the three candidates as ESA M4 space mission, is to observe a large and diversified population of transiting planets around a range of host star types to collect information on their atmospheric composition. ARIEL will focus on warm and hot planets to take advantage of their well-mixed atmospheres, which should show minimal condensation and sequestration of high-Z materials and thus reveal their bulk composition across all main cosmochemical elements. In this work we will review the most outstanding open questions concerning the way planets form and the mechanisms that contribute to create habitable environments that the compositional information gathered by ARIEL will allow to tackle.

Keywords

Atmospheric remote-sensing infrared exoplanet large-survey ARIEL Space missions Exoplanets Planetary formation Astrochemistry 

Notes

Acknowledgments

D. Turrini and P. Wolkenberg gratefully acknowledge the support of the European Space Agency (ESA) during their participation to ARIEL’s ESA Science Study Team. D. Turrini has been supported by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) under the contract 2015-038-R.0. The work of O. Panić has been supported through a Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowship. A. Piccialli has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Programme (H2020-Compet-08-2014) under grant agreement UPWARDS-633127.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Turrini
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Y. Miguel
    • 3
  • T. Zingales
    • 4
    • 5
  • A. Piccialli
    • 6
  • R. Helled
    • 7
  • A. Vazan
    • 8
  • F. Oliva
    • 1
  • G. Sindoni
    • 1
  • O. Panić
    • 9
  • J. Leconte
    • 10
  • M. Min
    • 8
  • S. Pirani
    • 11
  • F. Selsis
    • 10
  • V. Coudé du Foresto
    • 12
  • A. Mura
    • 1
  • P. Wolkenberg
    • 1
    • 13
  1. 1.Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali INAF-IAPSRomeItaly
  2. 2.Departamento de FisicaUniversidad de AtacamaCopiapóChile
  3. 3.Leiden Observatory, Leiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.University College LondonLondonUK
  5. 5.INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di PalermoPalermoItaly
  6. 6.Planetary AeronomyBelgian Institute for Space AeronomyBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.Institute for Computational Science, Center for Theoretical Astrophysics & CosmologyUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  8. 8.Anton Pannekoek Institute for AstronomyUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamNetherlands
  9. 9.School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  10. 10.Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de BordeauxBordeauxFrance
  11. 11.Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical PhysicsLund UniversityLundSweden
  12. 12.Observatoire Paris - Meudon, LESIAMeudon CedexFrance
  13. 13.CBK-PAN, Centrum Badań Kosmicznych Polskiej Akademii NaukWarsawPoland

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