Experimental Astronomy

, Volume 33, Issue 2–3, pp 305–335 | Cite as

The 2010 European Venus Explorer (EVE) mission proposal

  • Colin Frank WilsonEmail author
  • Eric Chassefière
  • Emmanuel Hinglais
  • Kevin H. Baines
  • Tibor S. Balint
  • Jean-Jacques Berthelier
  • Jacques Blamont
  • Georges Durry
  • Csaba S. Ferencz
  • Robert E. Grimm
  • Takeshi Imamura
  • Jean-Luc Josset
  • François Leblanc
  • Sebastien Lebonnois
  • Johannes J. Leitner
  • Sanjay S. Limaye
  • Bernard Marty
  • Ernesto Palomba
  • Sergei V. Pogrebenko
  • Scot C. R. Rafkin
  • Dean L. Talboys
  • Rainer Wieler
  • Liudmila V. Zasova
  • Cyrill Szopa
  • the EVE team
Original Article


The European Venus Explorer (EVE) mission described in this paper was proposed in December 2010 to ESA as an ‘M-class’ mission under the Cosmic Vision programme. It consists of a single balloon platform floating in the middle of the main convective cloud layer of Venus at an altitude of 55 km, where temperatures and pressures are benign (∼25°C and ∼0.5 bar). The balloon float lifetime would be at least 10 Earth days, long enough to guarantee at least one full circumnavigation of the planet. This offers an ideal platform for the two main science goals of the mission: study of the current climate through detailed characterization of cloud-level atmosphere, and investigation of the formation and evolution of Venus, through careful measurement of noble gas isotopic abundances. These investigations would provide key data for comparative planetology of terrestrial planets in our solar system and beyond.


Venus Planetary mission Cosmic vision Superpressure balloon Geochemistry Dynamics 



The EVE science team thanks the CNES and Astrium teams who worked on the mission study. We acknowledge financial support from our national funding bodies including CNES (France) and STFC (UK).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colin Frank Wilson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eric Chassefière
    • 2
  • Emmanuel Hinglais
    • 3
  • Kevin H. Baines
    • 4
    • 5
  • Tibor S. Balint
    • 4
  • Jean-Jacques Berthelier
    • 6
  • Jacques Blamont
    • 7
  • Georges Durry
    • 8
  • Csaba S. Ferencz
    • 9
  • Robert E. Grimm
    • 10
  • Takeshi Imamura
    • 11
  • Jean-Luc Josset
    • 12
  • François Leblanc
    • 6
  • Sebastien Lebonnois
    • 13
  • Johannes J. Leitner
    • 14
  • Sanjay S. Limaye
    • 5
  • Bernard Marty
    • 15
  • Ernesto Palomba
    • 16
  • Sergei V. Pogrebenko
    • 17
  • Scot C. R. Rafkin
    • 10
  • Dean L. Talboys
    • 18
  • Rainer Wieler
    • 19
  • Liudmila V. Zasova
    • 20
  • Cyrill Szopa
    • 6
  • the EVE team
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsOxford UniversityOxfordUK
  2. 2.IDESUniversité de Paris-Sud 11OrsayFrance
  3. 3.CNES (PASO)ToulouseFrance
  4. 4.NASA/JPLPasadenaUSA
  5. 5.SSECUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  6. 6.LATMOS, IPSLCNRSGuyancourtFrance
  7. 7.CNESParisFrance
  8. 8.Université de ReimsReimsFrance
  9. 9.Space Research GroupEötvös UniversityBudapestHungary
  10. 10.Southwest Research InstituteBoulderUSA
  11. 11.ISAS/JAXASagamiharaJapan
  12. 12.Space Exploration InstituteNeuchâtelSwitzerland
  13. 13.Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, IPSL, UPMCCNRSParisFrance
  14. 14.Institute of AstronomyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  15. 15.CRPGEcole Nationale Supérieure de GéologieNancyFrance
  16. 16.INAF-IFSIRomeItaly
  17. 17.Joint Institute for VLBI in EuropeDwingelooThe Netherlands
  18. 18.Space Research CentreUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK
  19. 19.Institute of Geochemistry and PetrologyETHZürichSwitzerland
  20. 20.Space Research InstituteMoscowRussia

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