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Experimental Astronomy

, Volume 31, Issue 2–3, pp 115–130 | Cite as

An instrument for commissioning the active and adaptive optics of modern telescopes: the Infrared Test Camera for the Large Binocular Telescope

  • Italo Foppiani
  • John M. Hill
  • Matteo Lombini
  • Giovanni Bregoli
  • Giuseppe Cosentino
  • Emiliano Diolaiti
  • Thomas M. Herbst
  • Giancarlo Innocenti
  • Daniel Meschke
  • Douglas L. Miller
  • Ralf-Rainer Rohloff
  • Laura Schreiber
Original Article

Abstract

We describe the design, integration, and operation of the infrared test cameras for the commissioning of the Large Binocular Telescope. The design and construction phase lasted slightly more than one year from February 2007 to April 2008 and was the result of a joint collaboration among INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Università di Bologna Dipartimento di Astronomia (Italy) and the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Heidelberg, Germany). Thereafter, the camera was delivered to the LBT Observatory (USA) for commissioning of the telescope active optics and, more recently, for commissioning of the first light adaptive optics.

Keywords

LBT Large binocular telescope Infrared imaging Active optics Adaptive optics Commissioning 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work has been supported by INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Università di Bologna Dipartimento di Astronomia, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie Heidelberg and the Large Binocular Telescope Observatory. The authors thank Flavio Fusi Pecci, Piero Salinari and Paolo Vettolani (INAF), Hans-Walter Rix, Jose Borelli, Wolfgang Gaessler, Lars Mohr (MPIA), Joar Brynnel, Richard Green (LBTO) for the support during the design and realisation phases. We thank Ray Bertram and the mountain staff at LBTO for their assistance in the installation and mounting of the instrument. We thank the LBT Adaptive Optics team at Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri for providing the image shown in Fig. 8. The international partners in the Large Binocular Telescope Corporation include Arizona (25%), Germany (25%), Italy (25%), Ohio State (12.5%) and Research Corporation (12.5%). The Arizona portion of the project includes astronomers from the University of Arizona, Arizona State University and Northern Arizona University. The German portion is represented by the LBT Beteiligungsgesellschaft which is composed of Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie in Heidelberg, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie in Bonn, Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik in Munich and Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam. National participation in Italy is organized by the Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF). Partners at individual institutions include the Ohio State University in Columbus, Research Corporation in Tucson, the University of Notre Dame, the University of Minnesota and the University of Virginia.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Italo Foppiani
    • 1
    • 2
  • John M. Hill
    • 3
  • Matteo Lombini
    • 2
  • Giovanni Bregoli
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Cosentino
    • 1
  • Emiliano Diolaiti
    • 2
  • Thomas M. Herbst
    • 4
  • Giancarlo Innocenti
    • 2
  • Daniel Meschke
    • 4
  • Douglas L. Miller
    • 3
  • Ralf-Rainer Rohloff
    • 4
  • Laura Schreiber
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di AstronomiaUniversità di BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Large Binocular Telescope ObservatoryUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  4. 4.Max-Planck-Institut für AstronomieHeidelbergGermany

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