Evolutionary Ecology

, Volume 31, Issue 5, pp 769–783 | Cite as

Avoidance of host resistance in the oviposition-site preferences of rose bitterling

  • Romain Rouchet
  • Carl Smith
  • Huanzhang Liu
  • Caroline Methling
  • Karel Douda
  • Dan Yu
  • Qionying Tang
  • Martin Reichard
Original Paper

Abstract

A contemporary outcome of dynamic host–parasite coevolution can be driven by the adaptation of a parasite to exploit its hosts at the population and species levels (parasite specialisation) or by local host adaptations leading to greater host resistance to sympatric parasite populations (host resistance). We tested the predominance of these two scenarios using cross-infection experiments with two geographically distant populations of the rose bitterling, Rhodeus ocellatus, a fish brood parasite of freshwater mussels, and four populations of their mussel hosts (two Anodonta woodiana and two Unio douglasiae populations) with varying degrees of geographic sympatry and local coexistence. Our data support predictions for host resistance at the species level but no effect of local coexistence between specific populations. Rhodeus ocellatus showed a preference for allopatric host populations, irrespective of host species. Host mussel response, in terms of ejection of R. ocellatus eggs, was stronger in the more widespread and abundant host species (A. woodiana) and this response tended to be higher in sympatric populations. These outcomes provide support for the importance of host resistance in bitterling oviposition-site decisions, demonstrating that host choice by R. ocellatus is adaptive by minimizing egg ejections. These findings imply that R. ocellatus, and potentially other bitterling species, may benefit from exploiting novel hosts, which may not possess appropriate adaptive responses to parasitism.

Keywords

Brood parasitism Coevolutionary dynamic Egg ejection Host selection Oviposition choice Parasite specialisation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding came from the Czech Science Foundation (13-05872S). MR and CS designed the study. RR collected data with the help of HL, CM, KD, DY, and QT. CS, RR and MR analysed the data and RR, CS and MR drafted the ms, with contributions from HL and KD. We thank John Endler, Matt Hall and four anonymous referees for their constructive comments. Primary data associated with the paper are deposited at Figshare Repository (10.6084/m9.figshare.4797886).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Vertebrate BiologyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.School of BiologyUniversity of St AndrewsSt AndrewsUK
  3. 3.Bell-Pettigrew Museum of Natural HistoryUniversity of St AndrewsSt AndrewsUK
  4. 4.The Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of HydrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology Food and Natural ResourcesCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePragueCzech Republic

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