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Euphytica

, 215:194 | Cite as

Assessment of grapevine germoplasm collection for resistance to grape leaf rust (Phakopsora euvitis) using a leaf disc assay

  • Beatriz Ribeiro Gomes
  • Amauri Bogo
  • Andrio Copatti
  • Claudia Aparecida Guginski-Piva
  • Andriele Caroline de Morais
  • Jean Alberto Zanghelini
  • Camila Bitencourt
  • Diogo Stefen
  • Nicoli Orsi
  • Crysttian Arantes Paixão
  • Lírio Luiz Dal Vesco
  • Patrícia Silva Ritschel
  • Leocir José WelterEmail author
Article
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Abstract

The present study aimed to assess 25 grapevine genotypes, representing different Vitis species, for resistance to grapevine leaf rust (GLR), caused by Phakopsora euvitis, using leaf disc assay. Disinfected leaf discs of 12 mm in diameter were placed in agar-water medium. On the abaxial side, a 30-µl drop at a concentration of 30,000 urediniospores/ml was deposited and incubated in a growth chamber under controlled conditions. The genotypes were assessed by the components of resistance latent period, number of pustule per cm2, diameter of pustules (DP; mm), number of urediniospores per disc, severity (%), and area under the disease severity progress curve. The ANOVA revealed a significant difference (p < 0.05) among genotypes for all components of resistance tested. Significant correlation was observed for all components of resistance evaluated. Based on disease severity, the genotypes were classified into four resistance categories: (1) resistant, (2) partially resistant, (3) susceptible, and (4) highly susceptible. None of the genotypes were asymptomatic and 32% were considered resistant or partially resistant. ‘IAC766’ and ‘Seibel 405’ were the most resistant, showing the lowest severity of 0.03 and 1.48%, respectively. ‘Seibel 128’, V. del rioi Sd1, V. slavinii and V. candicans were partially resistant. From the resistant and partially resistant genotypes, only V. candicans has trichomes on the abaxial leaf surface. Particularly, the resistant genotypes are resistance sources to GLR to be explored in future breeding programs and for genetic analysis to localize resistant genes to P. euvitis.

Keywords

Vitis spp. Plant breeding Germplasm characterization Disease resistance Plant–pathogen interaction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by Embrapa-SEG through the project “Adding value to grape genetic resources aiming to meet demands resulting from the expansion of Brazilian viticulture and from the modernization of consumer (Grant No.: 02.13.03.002.00.00)”. We are also thankful to FAPESC (Santa Catarina State Foundation for Scientific and Technological Development) and Foundation for the Coordination and Improvement of Higher Level or Education Personnel (Capes) for fellowship to BRG.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Ribeiro Gomes
    • 1
  • Amauri Bogo
    • 1
  • Andrio Copatti
    • 2
  • Claudia Aparecida Guginski-Piva
    • 1
  • Andriele Caroline de Morais
    • 3
  • Jean Alberto Zanghelini
    • 1
  • Camila Bitencourt
    • 3
  • Diogo Stefen
    • 3
  • Nicoli Orsi
    • 3
  • Crysttian Arantes Paixão
    • 3
  • Lírio Luiz Dal Vesco
    • 3
  • Patrícia Silva Ritschel
    • 4
  • Leocir José Welter
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Crop Production Graduate ProgramSanta Catarina State University, UDESCLagesBrazil
  2. 2.Agronomy Graduate ProgramFederal University of Pelotas, Faculdade de Agronomia Eliseu MacielPelotasBrazil
  3. 3.Federal University of Santa Catarina, UFSCCuritibanosBrazil
  4. 4.Embrapa Grape and WineBento GonçalvesBrazil

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