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Euphytica

, Volume 207, Issue 2, pp 293–304 | Cite as

Gene action determining grain yield and chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) resistance in faba bean

  • Asnakech Tekalign Beyene
  • John Derera
  • Julia Sibiya
  • Asnake Fikre
Article

Abstract

Production of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is hampered by chocolate spot disease caused by Botrytis fabae. Studies of the genetics of resistance is vital to devise a viable strategy for faba bean breeding. The present study was carried out with the objective to determine the mode of inheritance and maternal effect for chocolate spot resistance and yield. A 10 × 10 full diallel mating design was used to generate 90 F1 hybrids which were evaluated at three sites in Ethiopia with two replications under natural and with artificial inoculation of the pathogen. There was significant variation for chocolate spot resistance and yield among the genotypes (P ≤ 0.001). The general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects were both highly significant (P ≤ 0.001) for chocolate spot resistance. However, the GCA effect was predominant (84.5 %) suggesting that additive gene effects were more important than non-additive effects and that subsequent selection would be effective to enhance disease resistance. In contrast, the SCA effects were predominant (89.3 %) for grain yield suggesting that non-additive gene action was more important which may provide transgressive segregants. Reciprocal effects were generally negligible (<10 %) for both yield and disease resistance. The line ILB-4726, which combined good disease resistance with high grain yield potential would be recommended for faba bean breeding.

Keywords

Chocolate spot Diallel analysis Faba bean Gene action Legume breeding 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the African Centre for Crop Improvement (ACCI) and the Alliance for a Green Revolution in African (AGRA) for financial support to first author. The Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) and Holetta Agricultural Research Centre (HARC) are gratefully acknowledged for hosting the study and providing research facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.African Centre for Crop Improvement, School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental SciencesUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalPietermaritzburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR)Holetta Agricultural Research Centre (HARC)HolettaEthiopia
  3. 3.Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR)Addis AbabaEthiopia

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