Euphytica

, Volume 199, Issue 1–2, pp 137–154

Identifying nitrogen-efficient potato cultivars for organic farming

  • Marjolein Tiemens-Hulscher
  • Edith T. Lammerts van Bueren
  • Paul C. Struik
Article

Abstract

In organic farming, nitrogen efficiency of potato might vary among cultivars, even within the same maturity type. We therefore analysed in depth the response to nitrogen of a diverse set of cultivars, grown at different locations (differing in soil type and management) and in four years (differing in temperature and rainfall patterns). Yield increased with an increase in nitrogen supply and with growing later cultivars if the crop cycle lasted long enough. When crops had to be flamed to prevent spread of late blight, late cultivars yielded less than early cultivars, especially under high nitrogen. By measuring the fraction of soil covered by green leaves throughout the growing season and using a model, we analysed canopy development in detail and related nitrogen and genotype sensitive model parameters to tuber yield. In one year with early, temporary drought, model prediction was poor. We observed that cultivars that rapidly established a high maximum soil cover, maintained that maximum for long and senesced slowly, could sustain high yields. When late-blight infection was late, these (mid)-late cultivars showed high agronomic nitrogen use efficiency, but were not (always) high in nitrogen uptake efficiency, accumulation of nitrogen in the tubers or nitrogen utilisation efficiency. When late-blight infection started early, early or mid-late cultivars that rapidly established a high maximum soil cover under low nitrogen availability gave best performance. In most years, early canopy development is responsive to nitrogen, shows genetic variation, and is significantly related to early tuber yield. Nitrogen-efficient cultivars suitable for organic production should have rapid early canopy development, a high agronomic nitrogen use efficiency and nitrogen utilisation efficiency, but a low nitrogen concentration in the tubers.

Keywords

Breeding Canopy development Nitrogen use efficiency Resource use efficiency Selection criteria Solanum tuberosum L. Tuber yield 

References

  1. Bangemann L-W, Sieling K, Kage H (2014) The effect of nitrogen and late blight on crop growth, solar radiation interception and yield of two potato cultivars. Field Crops Res 155:56–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Biemond H, Vos J (1992) Effects of nitrogen on the development and growth of the potato plant. The partitioning of dry matter, nitrogen and nitrate. Ann Bot 70:37–45Google Scholar
  3. Bock BR (1984) Efficient use of nitrogen in cropping systems. In: Hauck RD (ed) Nitrogen in crop production. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, pp 273–294Google Scholar
  4. Bucher M, Kossmann J (2007) Molecular physiology of the mineral nutrition of the potato. In: Vreugdehil D (ed) Potato biology and biotechnology, advances and perspectives. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 311–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Errebhi M, Rosen CJ, Gupta CG, Birong DE (1998) Potato yield response and nitrate leaching as influenced by nitrogen management. Agron J 90:10–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ewing EE, Struik PC (1992) Tuber formation in potato: induction, initiation, and growth. Hort Rev 14:89–198Google Scholar
  7. Finckh MR, Schulte-Gelderman E, Bruns C (2006) Challenges to organic potato farming: disease and nutrient management. Potato Res 49:27–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Haverkort AJ, MacKerron DKL (eds) (2000) Management of nitrogen and water in potato production. Wageningen Press, WageningenGoogle Scholar
  9. Hoofdproductschap Akkerbouw, sector Aardappelen (HPA) (2003) Ontheffingenbeleid bestrijding Phytophthora infestans 2003. N021361a.BKGoogle Scholar
  10. Khan MS, van Eck HJ, Struik PC (2013) Model-based evaluation of maturity type of potato using a diverse set of standard cultivars and a segregating diploid population. Potato Res 56(2):127–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lammerts van Bueren ET, Tiemens-Hulscher M, Struik PC (2008) Cisgenesis does not solve the late blight problem of organic potato production: alternative breeding strategies. Potato Res 51(1):89–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Möller K, Habermeyer J, Zinkernagel V, Reents H (2007) Impact and interaction of nitrogen and Phytophthora infestans as yield-limiting and yield-reducing factors in organic potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) crops. Potato Res 49:281–301Google Scholar
  13. Neeteson JJ, Wadman WP (1987) Assessment of economically optimum application rates of fertilizer N on the basis of response curves. Fertil Res 12:37–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Van Delden A (2001) Yield and growth of potato and wheat under organic N-management. Agron J 93:1370–1385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Van der Burgt GJHM, Oomen GJM, Habets ASJ, Rossing WAH (2006) The NDICEA model, a tool to improve nitrogen use efficiency in cropping systems. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 74:275–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Van Kempen P, le Corre P, Bedin P (1996) Phytotechnic. In: Rousselle P, Crosnier RY (eds) La pomme de terre. INRA, Paris, pp 363–414Google Scholar
  17. Vos J (1995) Foliar development of the potato plant and modulations by environmental factors. In: Kabat P, Marshall B, van den Broek BJ, Vos J, van Keulen H (eds) Modelling and parameterization of the soil–plant–atmosphere system. Wageningen Pers, Wageningen, pp 21–38Google Scholar
  18. Vos J (1997) The nitrogen response of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in the field: nitrogen uptake and yield, harvest index and nitrogen concentration. Potato Res 40:237–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Vos J (2009) Nitrogen responses and nitrogen management in potato. Potato Res 52(4):305–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Vos J, Biemond H (1992) Effects of nitrogen on the development and growth of the potato plant. 1. Leaf appearance, expansion growth, life spans of leaves and stem branching. Ann Bot 70:27–35Google Scholar
  21. Vos J, MacKerron DKL (2000) Basic concepts of the management and supply of nitrogen and water in potato production. In: Haverkort AJ, MacKerron DKL (eds) Management of nitrogen and water in potato production. Wageningen Pers, Wageningen, pp 15–33Google Scholar
  22. Yin X, Kropff MJ, McLaren G, Visperas RM (1995) A nonlinear model for crop development as a function of temperature. Agric Forest Meteorol 77:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Zebarth BJ, Tai G, Tarn R, de Jong H, Milburn PH (2004) Nitrogen use efficiency characteristics of commercial potato cultivars. Can J Plant Sci 84(2):589–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marjolein Tiemens-Hulscher
    • 1
  • Edith T. Lammerts van Bueren
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paul C. Struik
    • 3
  1. 1.Louis Bolk InstituteDriebergenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Laboratory of Plant BreedingWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Centre for Crop Systems AnalysisWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations