Euphytica

, Volume 196, Issue 1, pp 25–34 | Cite as

Application of half-sib mating for genetic analysis of forage yield and related traits in Bromus inermis

  • Bahram Araghi
  • Mohammad Barati
  • Mohammad Mahdi Majidi
  • Aghafakhr Mirlohi
Article

Abstract

Despite efforts made, forage yield of smooth bromegrass has increased slowly over the last 50 years of breeding. It therefore seems necessary to investigate more on the genetic basis of agro-morphological traits in this cool-season, highly drought resistant grass. The present study was aimed at estimation of total genetic variance, narrow-sense heritability, general combining ability, phenotypic and genotypic correlation among different quantitative traits in half-sib (HS) families derived from polycross of 25 smooth bromegrass genotypes that were mainly originated from Iran. Families differed significantly for all of the agro-morphological and quality traits measured. Narrow sense heritability (\({\text{h}}_{\text{n}}^{2}\)) ranged from about 0.2 (plant height) to 0.7 (day to inflorescence emergence and day to anthesis). Moderate to high heritability for forage dry matter yield (0.42) indicates that phenotypic selection for this trait can be successful. A wide range of general combining ability was observed for most of the studied traits, especially those related to forage yield. Relatively low genetic variation and heritability for crude protein and also negative correlation of this trait with forage yield, indicates a low probability of improving forage yield and quality simultaneously.

Keywords

Bromus inermis Genetic parameters Combining ability Polycross Selection 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahram Araghi
    • 1
  • Mohammad Barati
    • 1
  • Mohammad Mahdi Majidi
    • 1
  • Aghafakhr Mirlohi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and Plant BreedingCollege of Agriculture, Isfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran

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