Euphytica

, Volume 195, Issue 1, pp 95–104 | Cite as

Identification of QTLs for cold tolerance at seedling stage in rice (Oryza sativa L.) using two distinct methods of cold treatment

  • Shaohong Zhang
  • Jingsheng Zheng
  • Bin Liu
  • Shaobing Peng
  • Hei Leung
  • Junliang Zhao
  • Xiaofei Wang
  • Tifeng Yang
  • Zhanghui Huang
Article

Abstract

Cold water irrigation and growth in low temperature phytotron are two commonly used methods to evaluate cold tolerance of rice at the seedling stage and the cold sensitive seedlings exhibit different injury symptoms, respectively. However, so far no one has systematically dissected the differences of cold tolerance at seedling stage in rice under the two cold environments. We used a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from a cross of a cold-tolerant japonica cultivar, Lijiangxintuanheigu and a cold sensitive indica cultivar, Sanhuangzhan-2 for this study. The cold sensitive seedlings exhibited leaf yellowing after cold water irrigation and leaf rolling during growth in the low temperature phytotron. Leaf yellowing and leaf rolling in RILs was significantly correlated, but the correlation coefficient was low. A total of four quantitative trait locus (QTLs) on chromosomes 1, 6, 9 and 12 were detected using leaf yellowing and percent seedling survival as indicators of cold tolerance after cold water irrigation, while five QTLs on chromosomes 7, 8, 9, 11 and 12 were detected using leaf rolling and percent seedling survival as indicators of cold tolerance during growth in the low temperature phytotron. The two QTLs, qCTS-9 and qCTS-12 were detected using different evaluation indicators under the two cold environments. Our results suggest that rice cold tolerance mechanisms at the seedling stage differ between the two environments, but the detection of common QTL implies the existence of overlap in the metabolic pathways for cold tolerance. The two common QTLs have potential value in rice breeding.

Keywords

Cold tolerance Cold water irrigation Low temperature phytotron Oryza sativa L. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) Seedling stage 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (30671251), Guangdong Scientific and Technological Plan (2009A020102003, 2011A020102008), Guangdong Natural Science Foundation (10151064001000012) and the key basic research project of GDAAS (07-Basic-04). We thank Professor Jan Leach in Colorado State University,USA for her valuable comments and suggestions during manuscript preparation.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaohong Zhang
    • 1
  • Jingsheng Zheng
    • 2
    • 3
  • Bin Liu
    • 1
  • Shaobing Peng
    • 2
    • 4
  • Hei Leung
    • 2
  • Junliang Zhao
    • 1
  • Xiaofei Wang
    • 1
  • Tifeng Yang
    • 1
  • Zhanghui Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Technology in Rice BreedingRice Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.International Rice Research InstituteMetro ManilaPhilippines
  3. 3.School of Life Sciences, Xiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  4. 4.National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic ImprovementCollege of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina

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