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Euphytica

, Volume 194, Issue 3, pp 425–430 | Cite as

Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 1 in bananas

  • Reuben Tendo Ssali
  • Andrew Kiggundu
  • Jim Lorenzen
  • Eldad Karamura
  • Wilberforce Tushemereirwe
  • Altus Viljoen
Article

Abstract

Fusarium wilt of bananas (also known as Panama disease), caused by the soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp cubense (Foc), is a serious problem to banana production worldwide. Genetic resistance offers the most promising means to the control of Fusarium wilt of bananas. In this study, the inheritance of resistance in Musa to Foc race 1 was investigated in three F2 populations derived from a cross between ‘Sukali Ndizi’ and ‘TMB2X8075-7’. A total of 163 F2 progenies were evaluated for their response to Fusarium wilt in a screen house experiment. One hundred and fifteen progenies were susceptible and 48 were resistant. Mendelian segregation analysis for susceptible versus resistant progenies fits the segregation ratio of 3:1 (χ2 = 1.72, P = 0.81), suggesting that resistance to Fusarium wilt in Musa is conditioned by a single recessive gene. We propose panama disease 1 to be the name of the recessive gene conditioning resistance to Fusarium wilt in the diploid banana ‘TMB2X8075-7’.

Keywords

Fusarium wilt Musa spp. Recessive allele Resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank members of the Banana Research team at both NARO and Bioversity International for critically reading the manuscript and stimulating discussion. This work was supported by the government of Uganda as part of Phase II of a joint NARO-Bioversity International project ‘Novel approaches to the improvement of Banana Production in Eastern AfricaThe application of biotechnological methodologies’.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reuben Tendo Ssali
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andrew Kiggundu
    • 3
  • Jim Lorenzen
    • 4
    • 5
  • Eldad Karamura
    • 6
  • Wilberforce Tushemereirwe
    • 2
  • Altus Viljoen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of AgriSciencesStellenbosch UniversityMatielandSouth Africa
  2. 2.National Banana Research Programme-KawandaNational Agriculture Research Organization, (NARO)KampalaUganda
  3. 3.National Agricultural Biotechnology Centre-KawandaNAROKampalaUganda
  4. 4.Bill & Melinda Gates FoundationSeattleUSA
  5. 5.International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, IITA-UgandaKampalaUganda
  6. 6.Bioversity International-UgandaKampalaUganda

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