Phenotypic segregation and relationships of agronomic traits in Monastrell × Syrah wine grape progeny
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- Bayo-Canha, A., Fernández-Fernández, J.I., Martínez-Cutillas, A. et al. Euphytica (2012) 186: 393. doi:10.1007/s10681-012-0622-3
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The aim of this work was to study the phenotypic segregation of different agronomic and fruit quality traits, and their relationships, in Monastrell × Syrah wine grape progeny. Twenty-two agronomic traits were evaluated and compared for three consecutive years in this progeny. The results show the phenotypic diversity existing in a cross between two different wine grape cultivars. Most of the phenological, productive, morphological, and enological parameters evaluated displayed continuous variation within the progeny, suggesting a polygenic inheritance. Some correlations between traits were detected by the Spearman correlation test, although high coefficients were not found for most of them. Cluster analysis of the progeny grouped the hybrids based on criteria with significance for wine grape breeding. Also, we investigated the relationship between the skin color and total content of anthocyanins with the VvmybA genotype, using the CAPS (Cleaved Amplified Polymorphic Sequence) marker 20D18CB9. The results show that hybrids with two copies of the functional color allele tend to have increased anthocyanins content. Based on this study, 14 genotypes were pre-selected from the breeding population for additional quality studies.