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Euphytica

, Volume 186, Issue 3, pp 779–792 | Cite as

QTL mapping for the cooking time of common beans

  • Robertha Augusta Vasconcelos Garcia
  • Priscila Nascimento Rangel
  • Priscila Zaczuk Bassinello
  • Claudio Brondani
  • Leonardo Cunha Melo
  • Sergio Tadeu Sibov
  • Rosana Pereira Vianello-Brondani
Article

Abstract

The decrease in the per capita consumption of beans has been partially attributed to their lengthy cooking time and the aggregated capital costs of their preparation. The aim of this study was to map microsatellite (SSR) markers linked to quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that govern the cooking time of common beans. An F2 generation consisting of 140 families was generated from a cross between lines CNFM7875 and Laranja. The cooking time of the F2:4 and F2:5 generations was then evaluated, and the latter generation was tested in two environments. The analysis of variance found a significant effect for the interactions between the families (P < 0.01) in both the F2:4 and F2:5 generations, as well as for the group analyses performed in the two environments. The experimental coefficient of variation varied from 9.42 to 17.94%. The Pearson’s correlation test indicated no significant association between water absorption and cooking time. The heritability coefficients had values of 0.532 and 0.739 for the F2:5 families evaluated at the two different locations, and the group analysis of the F2:5 generation indicated that there was a significant genotype × environment interaction. Of the 105 polymorphic SSRs evaluated, 91 mapped to 12 linkage groups with an estimated map size of 1,303.7 cM. Six significant QTLs were detected in both environments, and the percentage of the phenotypic variation that was explained by these loci ranged from 11.54 to 21.63%. As the genetic control was oligogenic, the identification of QTLs should serve as an optimal starting point for the implementation of a selection program.

Keywords

Phaseolus vulgaris Grain quality Linkage map QTL SSR markers 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to acknowledge CAPES for the doctoral fellowship of the student RAG, the CNPq for the grants of CB, LCM and RPVB, and PRODETAB/EMBRAPA for the financial support of the research.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robertha Augusta Vasconcelos Garcia
    • 1
  • Priscila Nascimento Rangel
    • 3
  • Priscila Zaczuk Bassinello
    • 2
  • Claudio Brondani
    • 2
  • Leonardo Cunha Melo
    • 2
  • Sergio Tadeu Sibov
    • 4
  • Rosana Pereira Vianello-Brondani
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Agronomy, Samambaia CampusFederal University of GoiasGoiâniaBrazil
  2. 2.Embrapa Rice and BeansSanto Antonio de GoiasBrazil
  3. 3.Monsanto of BrazilUberlandiaBrazil
  4. 4.Biological Institute of ScienceFederal University of GoiasGoiâniaBrazil

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