, Volume 178, Issue 2, pp 185–193 | Cite as

Mating systems in tropical forages: Stylosanthes capitata Vog. and Stylosanthes guianensis (Aubl.) Sw.

  • Melissa de Oliveira Santos-Garcia
  • Rosângela Maria Simeão Resende
  • Lucimara Chiari
  • Maria Imaculada Zucchi
  • Anete Pereira de SouzaEmail author


Stylosanthes capitata and S. guianensis are important forage legumes for tropical areas. The only available estimates of S. capitata and S. guianensis outcrossing rates were based on morphological markers, and the genus is considered as being mainly self-pollinated. Here we describe an estimation of the outcrossing rate in S. capitata and S. guianensis using microsatellite markers. The outcrossing rates were estimated in S. capitata and S. guianensis open-pollinated populations of 20 progenies consisting of ten individuals each. The multi locus outcrossing rate for S. capitata was estimated using 10 polymorphic loci, whereas five microsatellites were used for S. guianensis. The multi locus outcrossing rates for S. capitata and S. guianensis were 31 and 26%, respectively, suggesting a mixed mating system with predominance of autogamy. Comparison of single locus and multi locus estimates of outcrossing rates indicated that little inbreeding other than selfing occurred. The estimated Wright’s fixation index of the parental generation was lower than expected based on the multi locus outcrossing rate, possibly resulting from the use of some heterozygous breeding genotypes for the study. The data on the outcrossing rate described here are potentially useful for breeding programs and for maintenance of germplasm collections of these Stylosanthes species.


Microsatellite markers Autogamy Mixed mating system Plant breeding 



The authors are grateful to Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) for financial support to this research (Grant # 2005/51010-0). M.O.S.G. received a scholarship from FAPESP (2005/52211-9) and A.P.S. is the recipient of a research fellowship from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melissa de Oliveira Santos-Garcia
    • 1
  • Rosângela Maria Simeão Resende
    • 2
  • Lucimara Chiari
    • 2
  • Maria Imaculada Zucchi
    • 3
  • Anete Pereira de Souza
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro de Biologia Molecular e Engenharia GenéticaUniversidade Estadual de CampinasCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Embrapa)Campo GrandeBrazil
  3. 3.Pólo Apta Centro SulPiracicabaBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Instituto de BiologiaUniversidade Estadual de CampinasCampinasBrazil

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