, Volume 172, Issue 1, pp 93–99 | Cite as

RFLP analysis of mitochondrial DNA in two cytoplasmic male sterility systems (CMS-D2 and CMS-D8) of cotton

  • Fei Wang
  • Chunda Feng
  • Mary A. O’Connell
  • J. McD. Stewart
  • Jinfa ZhangEmail author


Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in higher plants is a maternally inherited trait and CMS-associated genes are known to be located in the mitochondrial genome. However, CMS-inducing genes in CMS-D2 and CMS-D8 of Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L., AD1) are currently unknown. The objective of this study was to identify potential candidate DNA or gene sequences for CMS-D2 and CMS-D8 through restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. Seven mtDNA gene probes and five restriction enzymes were first used to compare D2 (from G. harknessii Brandegee) and AD1 cytoplasms. With cox1, cox2, and atp1 as probes, RFLP polymorphisms were detected with one or more restriction enzyme digestions. The most notable difference was an additional fragment in the normal AD1 cytoplasm detected by cox2 in digests of three enzymes, and by cox1 and atp1 in digests with PstI. The RFLP analysis was then conducted among CMS-D2, CMS-D8 (from G. trilobum (DC.) Skovst.), and AD1 cytoplasms. Two probes from maize, atp1 and atp6, detected polymorphism among the different cytoplasmic lines. However, no difference in RFLP patterns was noted between male sterile (A) and restorer (R) lines with the D2 or D8 cytoplasm, indicating that the presence of the D2 or D8 restorer gene does not affect mtDNA organization in Upland cotton. The results demonstrate that RFLP using atp1 and atp6 as probes can distinguish the three cytoplasms. The atp1 and atp6 in CMS-D8 and these two genes together with cox1 and cox2 in CMS-D2 could be the candidates of CMS-associated genes in the mitochondrial genome, providing information for further molecular studies and developing PCR-based markers for the CMS cytoplasms in breeding. This research represents the first work using RFLP to analyze the genetic basis of CMS in cotton.


Cytoplasmic male sterility Cotton CMS-D2 CMS-D8 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fei Wang
    • 1
  • Chunda Feng
    • 2
  • Mary A. O’Connell
    • 1
  • J. McD. Stewart
    • 2
  • Jinfa Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental SciencesUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA

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