, 171:129 | Cite as

Genetic mapping within the wheat D genome reveals QTL for germination, seed vigour and longevity, and early seedling growth

  • S. Landjeva
  • U. Lohwasser
  • A. Börner


Quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling germination, seed vigour and longevity, and early seedling growth were identified using a set of common wheat lines carrying known D genome introgression segments. Seed germination (capacity, timing, rate and synchronicity) was characterized by a standard germination test, based either on the 1 mm root protrusion (germination sensu stricto) or the development of normal seedlings. To quantify seed vigour, the same traits were measured from batches of seed exposed for 72 h at 43°C and high (ca. 100%) humidity. Seed longevity was evaluated from the relative trait values. Seedling growth was assessed both under non-stressed and under osmotic stress conditions. Twenty QTL were mapped to chromosomes 1D, 2D, 4D, 5D, and 7D. Most of the QTL for germination sensu stricto clustered on chromosome 1DS in the region Xgwm1291Xgwm337. A region on chromosome 7DS associated with Xgwm1002 harboured loci controlling the development of normal seedlings. Seed vigour-related QTL were present in a region of chromosome 5DL linked to Xgwm960. QTL for seed longevity were coincident with those for germination or seed vigour on chromosomes 1D or 5D. QTL for seedling growth were identified on chromosomes 4D and 5D. A candidate homologues search suggested the putative functions of the genes within the respective regions. These results offer perspectives for the selection of favourable alleles to improve certain vigour traits in wheat, although the negative effects of the same chromosome regions on other traits may limit their practical use.


Accelerated ageing Aegilops tauschii Plant genetic resources Triticum aestivum 



Accelerated ageing


Chinese Spring


D genome introgression lines


Interval mapping analysis


International Triticeae Mapping Initiative


Longevity index


Logarithm of odds


Polyethylene glycol


Single marker analysis


Quantitative trait locus (loci)


Standard germination test



The study was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Contracts BO 1423/10-1 and BO 1423/12-1). The authors thank R. Voss and A. Marlow for producing and handling the seeds and S. Pistrick for technical assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeneticsBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Leibniz-Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung (IPK)GaterslebenGermany

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