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Euphytica

, Volume 164, Issue 1, pp 293–301 | Cite as

Karyotype and meiotic analyses of six species in the subtribe Chrysantheminae

  • Jian Li
  • Su-Mei Chen
  • Fa-Di ChenEmail author
  • Wei-Min Fang
Article

Abstract

The karyotypes and meiotic behaviour of six Chrysantheminae species are investigated. Pyrethrum coccineum (Willd.) Worosch. is a tetraploid, while the other five species (Argyranthemum frutescens (L.) Sch.-Bip., Opisthopappus taihangensis (Ling) shih, Crossostephium chinense (L.) Makino, Tanacetum vulgare L. and P. parthenium (L.) Sm.) are all diploids. Their karyotypes consist mainly of median centromere and submedian centromere chromosomes, although C. chinense also has two terminal centromere chromosomes, and P. parthenium two subterminal centromere chromosomes. No satellited chromosomes are observed in any of the six species. All the species have a 2A type karyotype, except for P. coccineum which is 3A. The meiotic behaviour in the pollen mother cells (PMCs) of all six species is essentially normal, with metaphase I chromosome pairing configurations in the diploid species predominantly showing 9II, while P. coccineum shows 18II. A low frequency of quadrivalents (and trivalents) and chromosome bridges/lagging chromosomes is observed.

Keywords

Karyotype Meiotic behaviour Subtribe Chrysantheminae 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in Universities, Ministry of Education, China, Grant No. NCET-06-0489 and the Key Program of Shanghai Agricultural Committee, Grant No.(2006)4-3.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian Li
    • 1
  • Su-Mei Chen
    • 1
  • Fa-Di Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wei-Min Fang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of HorticultureNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina

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