Advertisement

Euphytica

, Volume 153, Issue 1–2, pp 249–256 | Cite as

Geographical differentiation and diallel analysis of seed dormancy in barley

  • Kazuyoshi Takeda
  • Kiyosumi HoriEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Seed dormancy is one of the most important parameters affecting the malting process and pre-harvest sprouting in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Variation of seed dormancy in 4365 cultivated and 177 wild barley (ssp. spontaneum) accessions derived from different regions of the world was investigated in Okayama University, Kurashiki, Japan. Seed dormancy of each accession was estimated from their germination percentages at 0, 5, 10 and 15 weeks post-harvest after-ripening periods. All of the wild barley accessions showed less than 10% germination at 0 week after-ripening period. Level of seed dormancy in 4365 cultivated barley accessions showed a clear geographical differentiation. Seventy seven percent of Ethiopian accessions showed high germination percentages, while 86% of Japanese, Turkish and North African accessions showed low germination percentages at 0 week after-ripening period. A half diallel cross using eleven barley accessions with different level of dormancy revealed that seed dormancy was predominately controlled by additive gene effects. These results suggest that large genetic diversity for seed dormancy in barley is explained as different levels of additive accumulation of genetic factors. Barley varieties showing appropriate dormancy could be developed by crossing among barley germplasm accessions used in the present study.

Keywords

Hordeum vulgare L. Seed dormancy Genetic resources Breeding 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Ms. Y. Murata for excellent technical assistance. The authors thank Dr. P.B. Talbert for his critical reading of the manuscript.

References

  1. Buraas T, Skinnes H (1984) Genetic investigations on seed dormancy in barley. Hereditas 101:235–244Google Scholar
  2. Clerkx EJM, El-Lithy ME, Vierling E, Ruys GJ, de Vries HB, Groot SPC, Vreugdenhil D, Koornneef M (2004) Analysis of natural allelic variation of Arabidopsis seed germination and seed longevity traits between the accessions Landsberg erecta and Shakdara, using a new recombinant inbred line population. Plant Physiol 135:432–443PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Edney MJ, Mather DE (2004) Quantitative trait loci affecting germination traits and malt friability in a two-rowed by six-rowed barley cross. J Cereal Sci 39:283–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Foley ME (2001) Seed dormancy: an update on terminology, physiological genetics, and quantitative trait loci regulating germinability. Weed Sci 49:305–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Frewen BE, Chen TH, Howe GT, Davis J, Rohde A, Boerjan W, Bradshaw HD (2000) Quantitative trait loci and candidate gene mapping of bud set and bud flush in populus. Genetics 154:837–845PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Han F, Ullrich SE, Clancy JA, Jitkov V, Kilian A, Romagosa I (1996) Verification of barley seed dormancy loci via linked molecular markers. Theor Appl Genet 92:87–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hayman BI (1954a) The analysis of variance of diallel tables. Biometrics 10:235–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hayman BI (1954b) The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. Genetics 39:789–804Google Scholar
  9. Li C, Ni P, Francki M, Hunter A, Zhang Y, Schibeci D, Li H, Tarr A, Wang J, Cakir M, Yu J, Bellgard M, Lance R, Appels R (2004) Genes controlling seed dormancy and pre-harvest sprouting in a rice-wheat-barley comparison. Funct Integr Genomics 4:84–93PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mather K, Jinks JL (1982) Biometrical genetics, 3rd ed. Cambridge University Press, London, UKGoogle Scholar
  11. Matus IA, Hayes PM (2002) Genetic diversity in three groups of barley germplasm assessed by simple sequence repeats. Genome 45:1095–1106PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Miura K, Lin SY, Yano M, Nagamine T (2002) Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling seed longevity in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theor Appl Genet 104:981–986PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mori M, Uchino N, Chono M, Kato K, Miura H (2005) Mapping QTL for grain dormancy on wheat chromosome 3A and the group 4 chromosomes, and their combined effect. Theor Appl Genet 110:1315–1323PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nevo E (1992) Origin, evolution, population genetics and resources for breeding of wild barley Hordeum spontaneum in the Fertile Crescent. In: Shewry PR (ed) Barley: genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology and biotechnology. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp 19–43Google Scholar
  15. Osa M, Kato K, Mori M, Shindo C, Torada A, Miura H (2003) Mapping QTL for seed dormancy and the Vp1 homologue on chromosome 3A in wheat. Theor Appl Genet 106:1491–1496PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Prada D, Ullrich SE, Molina-Cano JL, Cistué L, Clancy JA, Romagosa I (2004) Genetic control of dormancy in a Triumph/Morex cross in barley. Theor Appl Genet 109:62–70PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Simpson GM (1990) Seed dormancy in grasses. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Ullrich SE, Hayes PM, Dyer WE, Blake TK, Clancy JA (1993) Quantitative trait locus analysis of seed dormancy in ‘Steptoe’ barley. In: Walker-Simmons MK, Ried JL (eds) Pre-harvest sprouting in cereals (1992). Am Assoc Cereal Chemist, St Paul, Minn, pp 136–145Google Scholar
  19. Zheng F, Chen G, Huang Q, Orion O, Krugman T, Fahima T, Korol AB, Nevo E, Gutterman Y (2005) Genetic basis of barley caryopsis dormancy and seedling desiccation tolerance at the germination stage. Theor Appl Genet 110:445–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute for BioresourcesOkayama UniversityKurashikiJapan
  2. 2.National Institute of Agrobiological SciencesTsukubaJapan

Personalised recommendations