, Volume 153, Issue 1–2, pp 73–85 | Cite as

Characterization of dinucleotide and trinucleotide EST-derived microsatellites in the wheat genome

  • Agata GadaletaEmail author
  • Giacomo Mangini
  • Giuseppina Mulè
  • Antonio Blanco


Over the past decade microsatellites or simple sequence repeats (SSRs) have attracted a considerable amount of attention from researchers. The aim of the present paper was to analyse expressed sequence tag-derived SSR (EST-SSR) marker variability in wheat and to investigate the relationships between the number and type of repeat units and the level of microsatellite polymorphism. Two hundred and forty-one new EST-SSR markers available in a public database ( were characterized in eight durum wheat cultivars (Svevo, Ciccio, Primadur, Duilio, Meridiano, Claudio, Latino, Messapia), two accessions of Triticum turgidum var. dicoccoides (MG4343, MG29896), one accession of T. turgidum var. dicoccum (MG5323) and in the common wheat cv. Chinese Spring. Of these, 201 primer pairs (83.4%) amplified PCR products successfully, while the remaining 40 (16.6%) failed to amplify any product. Of the EST-SSRs analysed, 45.2% of the primer pairs amplified one or two PCR products. Multiple discrete PCR products were observed among both di- and trinucleotide EST-SSR markers (31.2 and 40.5%, respectively). Markers based on dinucleotide microsatellites were more polymorphic than those based on trinucleotide SSRs in the 12 wheat genotypes tested (68.9 and 52.7%, respectively). An average of 2.5 alleles for dinucleotide and 2.0 alleles for trinucleotide SSRs was observed. The data reported in the present work indicate the presence of a significant relationship between motif sequence types and polymorphism. The primer set based on the AG repeat motif showed the lowest percentage of polymorphism (55.0%), while the primer set based on the AC repeat motif showed t he highest percentage (85.0%). Among trinucleotide SSRs, the AGG microsatellite markers showed the highest percentage of polymorphism (70.0%), and the ACG motif the lowest value (25.0%). The characterization of these new EST-SSR markers and the results of our studyon the effect of repeat number and type of motifs could have important applications in the genetic analysis of agronomically important traits, quantitative trait locus discovery and marker-assisted selection.


EST-SSR Microsatellites Molecular markers Wheat 



Expressed sequence tag


Simple sequence repeat


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This research project was supported by grants from Ministero delle Politiche Agricole, Alimentari e Forestali, project ‘FRUMISIS’.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Agata Gadaleta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giacomo Mangini
    • 1
  • Giuseppina Mulè
    • 2
  • Antonio Blanco
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agro-Forestry and Environmental Biology and ChemistryUniversity of BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Institute of Sciences of Food ProductionNational Research Council (CNR) BariItaly

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