Development of AFLP and derived CAPS markers for root-knot nematode resistance in cotton
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Resistance to root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) is determined by a single major gene rkn1 in Gossypium hirsutum Acala NemX cotton. Bulked segregant analysis (BSA) combined with amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) was used to identify molecular markers linked to rkn1. DNA pools from homozygous susceptible (S) and resistant (R) bulks of an F2:3 originating from the intraspecific cross NemX × SJ-2 were screened with 128 EcoR1/Mse1 primer combinations. Putative AFLP markers were then screened with 60 F2:7 RIL plants and four AFLP markers were found linked to rkn1. The linkage of AFLP markers to rkn1 was also confirmed in a F2 population. The closest AFLP marker was converted to a cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) marker (designated GHACC1) by aligning the sequences from both susceptible and resistant parents. GHACC1 linkage to rkn1 was confirmed in the F2 (1R:3S), F2:7 RIL (1R:1S) and the backcross population SJ-2 × F1 (NemX × SJ-2) (1 heterozygous: 1 homozygous). The four AFLP markers, GHACC1 plus two SSR markers (CIR316 and BNL1231) linked to rkn1 from previous work were mapped to intervals of 2.6–14.2 cM from the rkn1 locus, and the genomic region around rkn1 was spanned to about 28.2 cM in the F2:7 population. The PCR-based GHACC1 and CIR316 markers were tested on 21 nematode resistant and susceptible cotton breeding lines and cultivars. GHACC1 was suitable for nematode resistance screening within G.␣hirsutum, but not G. barbadense, whereas CIR316 was useful in both species, indicating their␣potential for utilization in marker-assisted selection.
KeywordsBulked segregant analysis Gossypium hirsutum High-resolution genetic mapping Marker-assisted selection Meloidogyne incognita Resistance gene rkn1 Root-knot nematodes
Amplified fragment length polymorphism
Cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence
Recombinant inbred line
Sequence tag site
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