Euphytica

, Volume 151, Issue 1, pp 103–110 | Cite as

Genotypic variability in vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor L for foliage yield and its contributing traits over successive cuttings and years

  • S. Shukla
  • A. Bhargava
  • A. Chatterjee
  • A. Srivastava
  • S. P. Singh
Article

Summary

Twenty nine strains of vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor were grown for two successive seasons to study different selection parameters for foliage yield and its nine contributing morphological and quality traits. The strains AV-38 (5.06 kg/plot) and AV-31 (5.04 kg/plot) recorded highest foliage yield, followed by AV-30 (4.78 kg/plot) and AV-23 (4.70 kg/plot). The protein and carotenoid content averaged 1.24 ± 0.03 mg/100 mg and 0.83 ± 0.02 mg/g respectively. The leaves of A. tricolor also have considerable quantities of ascorbic acid (112.33 ± 5.00 mg/100 g) and fibre (8.39 ± 0.10%). The mean of individual cuttings for plant height, leaf size, stem diameter, foliage yield, protein, ascorbic acid and fibre content increased with successive cuttings till third cutting and thereafter showed a decline. Genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) values ranged from 6.80 to 28.25%. However, the fibre content, branches/plant, leaves/plant, plant height and stem diameter showed lowest values of GCV. The values of heritability estimates were high for all the traits in all the cuttings as well as on pooled basis and ranged from 0.89 for branches/plant to 0.98 for foliage yield. Highest expected genetic advance was noticed for ascorbic acid (57.48%), followed by foliage yield (48.30%) and leaf size (29.51%).

Keywords

A. tricolor foliage yield protein heritability genetic advance selection 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Shukla
    • 1
  • A. Bhargava
    • 1
  • A. Chatterjee
    • 1
  • A. Srivastava
    • 1
  • S. P. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Genetics and Plant BreedingNational Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

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