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Euphytica

, 147:133 | Cite as

Lathyrus improvement for resistance against biotic and abiotic stresses: From classical breeding to marker assisted selection

  • M. C. Vaz PattoEmail author
  • B. Skiba
  • E. C. K. Pang
  • S. J. Ochatt
  • F. Lambein
  • D. Rubiales
Article

Summary

Several Lathyrus species and in particular Lathyrus sativus (grass pea) have great agronomic potential as grain and forage legume, especially in drought conditions. Grass pea is rightly considered as one of the most promising sources of calories and protein for the vast and expanding populations of drought-prone and marginal areas of Asia and Africa. It is virtually the only species that can yield high protein food and feed under these conditions. It is superior in yield, protein value, nitrogen fixation, and drought, flood and salinity tolerance than other legume crops. Lathyrus species have a considerable potential in crop rotation, improving soil physical conditions; reducing the amount of disease and weed populations, with the overall reduction of production costs. Grass pea was already in use in Neolithic times, and presently is considered as a model crop for sustainable agriculture. As a result of the little breeding effort invested in it compared to other legumes, grass pea cultivation has shown a regressive pattern in many areas in recent decades. This is due to variable yield caused by sensitivity to diseases and stress factors and above all, to the presence of the neurotoxin β-N-oxalyl-L-α,β-diaminopropionic acid (β-ODAP), increasing the danger of genetic erosion. However, both L. sativus and L. cicera are gaining interest as grain legume crops in Mediterranean-type environments and production is increasing in Ethiopia, China, Australia and several European countries.

This paper reviews research work on Lathyrus breeding focusing mainly on biotic and abiotic resistance improvement, and lists current developments in biotechnologies to identify challenges for Lathyrus improvement in the future.

Key Words

biotechnology biotic and abiotic stress breeding disease resistance grass pea Lathyrus 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. Vaz Patto
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. Skiba
    • 2
  • E. C. K. Pang
    • 2
  • S. J. Ochatt
    • 3
  • F. Lambein
    • 4
  • D. Rubiales
    • 5
  1. 1.Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica (ITQB)Plant Cell Biotechnology LabOeirasPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology and Environmental BiologyRMIT UniversityBundooraAustralia
  3. 3.INRA, Centre de Recherches de Dijon, URLEGDijon CedexFrance
  4. 4.Institute of Plant Biotechnology for Developing Countries (IPBO)Ghent UniversityGhentBelgium
  5. 5.Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible−CSICCórdobaSpain

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