Recessions and Mortality in Spain, 1980–1997

  • José A. Tapia GranadosEmail author


The relationship between economic fluctuations and mortality is assessed with data from Spain during the years 1980–1997, when national unemployment oscillated between 7% and 24%. Mortality rates of the Spanish provinces are modeled in fixed-effect panel regressions as functions of the demographic structure and the economic conditions. Unemployment effects on general mortality, sex-specific mortality, and mortality for major causes of death are negative, i.e., death rates increase procyclically when joblessness diminishes in an economic expansion. Homicides and female suicides are only weakly related or unrelated to economic fluctuations, but male suicides escalate countercyclically during economic downturns.

Key words

business cycles death rates mortality recessions Spain 

Mots clés

cycles d’activité économique taux de mortalité mortalité récession Espagne 


L’article s’intéresse aux relations entre fluctuations économiques et mortalité en Espagne sur la période 1980–1997, au cours de laquelle le taux de chômage a oscillé entre 7 et 24%. Un modèle de régression à effets constants sur données de panel est appliqué aux taux de mortalité par provinces espagnoles, prenant en compte la structure démographique et les conditions économiques. Le chômage a un effet négatif sur la mortalité totale, la mortalité par sexe et les principales causes de décès. Autrement dit, les taux de mortalité augmentent quand, en phase d’expansion économique, le chômage diminue. Les homicides et les suicides féminins sont faiblement ou pas du tout liés aux fluctuations économiques alors que les suicides masculins augmentent lorsque la situation économique se détériore.


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© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations and School of Social WorkUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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