The Counterfactual Comparative Account of Harm and Reasons for Action and Preference: Reply to Carlson
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In the recent literature on the nature of harm, the counterfactual comparative account has emerged as a main contender. But in a recent article in this journal, Erik Carlson raises an objection to this account, based on its connections to reasons for performing certain actions and for preferring certain outcomes. In what follows, I will state the counterfactual comparative account, state and explain Carlson’s objections, and attempt to show how they can be overcome.
Counterfactual Comparative Account of Harm (CCA): a possible event, e (or action, a), would harm (benefit) S if and only if S is worse (better) off in the nearest relevant possible world in which e occurs (or a is performed), We (Wa),...