Shlomi Segall (2013), Equality and opportunity
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The idea of equality of opportunity (EOP) has come to some prominence in recent years. Segall notes at first that EOP was not always this fashionable. For decades, the ideal of EOP was associated with the political right, whereas liberals or left wings preferred their egalitarianism to be of what they considered a stronger blend. This has changed. Today many egalitarians, Segall included, acknowledge that EOP can, if properly interpreted, be a vehicle for egalitarian distributive justice.
Segall attributes this renewed theoretical interest in EOP to the fact that one prominent branch of egalitarianism, luck egalitarianism, highlighted its egalitarian potential. As luck egalitarians roughly believes it to be unfair if some are worse off than others through no fault or choice of their own, this connects to what it means for people to have (un)equal opportunities and how we should evaluate the distributive upshot from such state of affairs. Segall’s book explores an ideal of Radical EOP...