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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 893–911 | Cite as

What Should Realists Say About Honor Cultures?

  • Dan DemetriouEmail author
Article

Abstract

Richard Nisbett and Dov Cohen’s (1996) influential account of “cultures of honor” speculates that honor norms are a socially-adaptive deterrence strategy. This theory has been appealed to by multiple empirically-minded philosophers, and plays an important role in John Doris and Alexandra Plakias’ (2008) antirealist argument from disagreement. In this essay, I raise four objections to the Nisbett-Cohen deterrence thesis, and offer another theory of honor in its place that sees honor as an agonistic normative system regulating prestige competitions. Since my account portrays honor norms as radically different from liberal ones, it actually strengthens Doris and Plakias’ case in some respects: cultures of honor are not merely superficially different from Western liberal ones. Nonetheless, the persistent appeal of honor’s principles, and their moral plausibility in certain contexts, suggests not antirealism, but pluralism—a reply on behalf of realism that itself has considerable empirical support.

Keywords

Cultural psychology Social psychology Honor cultures Metaethical realism Moral disagreement Pluralism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks to Mark Collier, Peter Nichols, and two anonymous referees for excellent feedback on earlier drafts of this paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Minnesota, MorrisMorrisUSA

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