Must Punishment Be Intended to Cause Suffering?
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- Wringe, B. Ethic Theory Moral Prac (2013) 16: 863. doi:10.1007/s10677-012-9388-x
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It has recently been suggested that the fact that punishment involves an intention to cause suffering undermines expressive justifications of punishment. I argue that while punishment must involve harsh treatment, harsh treatment need not involve an intention to cause suffering. Expressivists should adopt this conception of harsh treatment.