Ethics and Information Technology

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 149–155 | Cite as

Artificial Morality: Top-down, Bottom-up, and Hybrid Approaches

  • Colin Allen
  • Iva Smit
  • Wendell Wallach


A principal goal of the discipline of artificial morality is to design artificial agents to act as if they are moral agents. Intermediate goals of artificial morality are directed at building into AI systems sensitivity to the values, ethics, and legality of activities. The development of an effective foundation for the field of artificial morality involves exploring the technological and philosophical issues involved in making computers into explicit moral reasoners. The goal of this paper is to discuss strategies for implementing artificial morality and the differing criteria for success that are appropriate to different strategies.


artificial morality autonomous agents ethics machines robots values 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History and Philosophy of ScienceBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.E&E ConsultantsNetterdenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Yale University Interdisciplinary Center for BioethicsNew HavenUSA

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