Advertisement

Academic Violence/Bullying: Application of Bandura’s Eight Moral Disengagement Strategies to Higher Education

  • Geri Miller
  • Vachel Miller
  • Carol Marchel
  • Regina Moro
  • Bruce Kaplan
  • Catherine ClarkEmail author
  • Susan Musilli
Article
  • 32 Downloads

Abstract

Academic violence/bullying of faculty is prevalent in higher education settings resulting in damaged lives, careers, and institutions. The prevalence of and supporting research with regard to academic violence/bullying shows the importance of understanding its dynamics in order to aid in its identification. This article applies Bandura’s (2016) eight moral disengagement strategies to the findings of a qualitative research study with nine tenure track academics. Phenomenological research methods were used to analyze research interview texts for evidence of the presence of the moral disengagement strategies. The findings expanded the application of Bandura’s (2016) eight moral disengagement strategies within the context of higher education.

Keywords

Academic violence Academic bullying Higher education Moral disengagement Euphemistic language 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

There is no conflict of interest with the authors. All the research was approved through IRB and all participants signed an informed consent.

References

  1. American Psychological Association Practice Organization (2016). How stress affects your health. Good Practice: Tools and Information for Professional Psychologists. Google Scholar
  2. Bandura, A. (2016). Moral disengagement: How people do harm and live with themselves. New York: Worth.Google Scholar
  3. Bartlett, M. E., & Bartlett, J. E. (2016). Case study on the impact of technology on incivility in higher education. Journal of Educators Online, 13(2), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blustein, D. L. (2008). The role of work in psychological health and well-being: A conceptual, historical, and public policy perspective. American Psychologist, 63, 228–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cassidy, W., Faucher, C., & Jackson, M. (2014). The dark side of the ivory tower: Cyberbullying of university faculty and teaching personnel. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 60, 279–299.Google Scholar
  6. Cleary, M., Walter, G., Horsfall, J., & Jackson, D. (2013). Promoting integrity in the workplace: A priority for all academic health professionals. Contemporary Nurse, 45, 264–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dentith, A. M., Wright, R. R., & Coryell, J. (2015). Those mean girls and their friends: Bullying and mob rule in the academy. Adult Learning, 26, 28–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Duffy, M., & Sperry, L. (2007). Workplace mobbing: Individual and family health consequences. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 15, 398–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Einarsen, S., Hoel, H., Zapf, D., & Cooper, C. (2011). Bullying and harassment in the workplace: Developments in theory, research, and practice. Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  10. Gauthier, J., & Pettifor, J. (2015). Ethics and virtue. Paper presented at the 123rd annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto.Google Scholar
  11. Hollis, L. H. (2012). Bully in the ivory tower: How aggression & incivility erode American higher education. PatriciaBerkly, LLC. Retrieved from www.diversitytrainingconsultants.com.
  12. Jones, J. B. (2013). Is there a bully in your department? Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from https://www.chronicle.com/blogs/profhacker/is-there-a-bully-in-your-department/47809. Accessed March 2018.
  13. Jones, B., Hwang, E., & Bustamante, R. M. (2015). African American female Professors' strategies for successful attainment of tenure and promotion at predominately white institutions: It can happen. Education, Citizenship And Social Justice, 10(2), 133–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Keashly, L., & Neuman, J. H. (2010). Faculty experiences with bullying in higher education. Administrative Theory & Praxis, 32, 48–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Keashly, L., & Neuman, J. H. (2013). Bullying in higher education: What current research, theorizing, and practice tell us. In J. Lester (Ed.), Workplace bullying in higher education (pp. 1–22). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Keashly, L., & Wajngurt, C. (2016). Faculty bullying in higher education. Psychology And Education: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 53, 79–90.Google Scholar
  17. King, C., & Piotrowski, C. (2015). Bullying of educators by educators: Incivility in higher education. Contemporary Issues In Education Research, 8, 257–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kvale, S. (1996). InterViews: An introduction to qualitative research interviewing. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
  19. Lampman, C. (2012). Women Faculty at Risk: U.S. professors report on their experiences with student incivility, bullying, aggression, and sexual attention. NASPA Journal About Women In Higher Education, 5, 184–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lampman, C., Crew, E. C., Lowery, S. D., & Tompkins, K. (2016). Women faculty distressed: descriptions and consequences of academic Contrapower harassment. NASPA Journal About Women In Higher Education, 9, 169–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lester, J. (2013). Workplace bullying in higher education. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lewis, D. (2002). The social construction of workplace bullying: a sociological study with special reference to further and higher education (Unpublished doctoral dissertation) University of Wales.Google Scholar
  23. Leymann, H. (1990). Mobbing and psychological terror at workplaces. Violence and Victims, 5(2), 119–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Leymann, H., & Gustafsson, A. (1996). Mobbing at work and the development of post-traumatic stress disorders. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5(2), 251–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Meyers, L. (2016). Fertile grounds for bullying. Counseling Today, 58, 26–35.Google Scholar
  26. Miller, G., & Marchel, C. (2016). Mechanisms of moral disengagement: the weather pattern of academic violence/bullying. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Denver.Google Scholar
  27. Misawa, M. (2015). Cuts and bruises caused by arrows, sticks, and stones in academia: Theorizing three types of racist and homophobic bullying in adult and higher education. Adult Learning, 26, 6–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Namie, G., & Namie, R. F. (2011). The bully-free workplace. Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  29. Polkinghorne, D. E. (1989). Phenomenological research methods. In R. S. Valle & S. Halling (Eds.), Existential phenomenological perspectives in psychology (pp. 41–60). New York: Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pollio, H., Henley, R., & Thompson, C. B. (1997). The phenomenology of everyday life. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Proudhon, P. J. (2009). Bullying of academics in higher education. The Chronicle of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  32. Rennie, D. L. (1999). Qualitative research: a matter of hermeneutics and the sociology of knowledge. In M. Kopala & L. A. Suzuki (Eds.), Using qualitative methods in psychology (pp. 3–13). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  33. Sguera, F., Bagozzi, R.P., Nguyen Huy, Q., & Boss, W. (2011). Workplace incivility and turnover intentions: The efficacy of managerial interventions. The Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings, San Antonio.Google Scholar
  34. Sodowsky, G. R. (2008). Getting along with colleagues. In K. D. Hostetler, R. M. Sawyer, & K. W. Prichard (Eds.), The art and politics of college teaching (2nd ed., pp. 171–177). New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  35. Taylor, S. (2013). Workplace bullying: Does tenure change anything?: The example of a Midwestern research university. In J. Lester (Ed.), Workplace bullying in higher education (pp. 23–40). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  36. Twale, D. J., & DeLuca, B. M. (2008). Faculty incivility. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geri Miller
    • 1
  • Vachel Miller
    • 2
  • Carol Marchel
    • 3
  • Regina Moro
    • 4
  • Bruce Kaplan
    • 5
  • Catherine Clark
    • 1
    Email author
  • Susan Musilli
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Human Development and Psychological CounselingAppalachian State UniversityBooneUSA
  2. 2.Department of Leadership and Educational StudiesAppalachian State UniversityBooneUSA
  3. 3.Winthrop UniversityRock HillUSA
  4. 4.Boise State UniversityBoiseUSA
  5. 5.BooneUSA
  6. 6.Doctoral Program in Educational LeadershipAppalachian State UniversityBooneUSA

Personalised recommendations