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Odd Objects: LEM Violations and Indeterminacy

  • Dana GoswickEmail author
Original Research


I argue there are some objects which do not respect the Law of the Excluded Middle (LEM), i.e., which are such that, for some property F, the disjunction Fo v ~Fo fails to be true. I call such objects “odd objects” and present three examples—fictional objects, nonsort objects, and quantum objects. I argue that each of these objects is best understood as violating LEM. I, then, discuss Jessica Wilson’s (LEM-respecting) account of metaphysical indeterminacy. I show how the indeterminacy which arises with odd objects can be accounted for on Wilson’s account. I, then, argue that my Wilson-inspired, but non-LEM-respecting, account of metaphysical indeterminacy is superior to Wilson’s in terms of costs and benefits.



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philosophy, Arts WestUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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