# Against Naturalized Cognitive Propositions

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## Abstract

In this paper, I argue that Scott Soames’ theory of naturalized cognitive propositions (hereafter, ‘NCP’) faces a serious objection: there are true propositions for which NCP cannot account. More carefully, NCP cannot account for certain truths of mathematics *unless* it is possible for there to be an infinite intellect. For those who reject the possibility of an infinite intellect, this constitutes a *reductio* of NCP.

## Keywords

Singular Proposition Linguistic Community Liberal Conception Singular Thought Representational Property## Notes

### Acknowledgments

I’m indebted to many philosophers for helpful feedback on ancestors and relatives of this paper—I’ve tried to acknowledge their contributions in the relevant parts of the paper. In particular, I’d like to thank those who read and commented on earlier drafts or proper parts thereof: Paddy Blanchette, Laura Crosilla, Chris Menzel, Paul Nedelisky, Josh Rasmussen, and Jeff Speaks. Thanks also to participants at the Propositions Workshop at the University of Leeds (Spring 2014), and to those who attended my talks at the University at Buffalo and the 2015 Central APA for helpful comments on earlier drafts of this paper. Special thanks to John Keller for extremely helpful and detailed comments at all stages of progress.

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