, Volume 80, Supplement 2, pp 335–362 | Cite as

The Other Francis Bacon: On Non-BARE Proper Names

  • Ora MatushanskyEmail author
Original Article


In this paper I provide novel arguments for the predicative approach to proper names, which claims that argument proper names are definite descriptions containing a naming predicate (the individual called X). I first argue that modified proper names, such as the incomparable Maria Callas or the other Francis Bacon cannot be handled on the hypothesis that argument proper names have no internal structure and uniformly denote entities. I then discuss cases like every Adolf, which would normally be interpreted as every individual named Adolf and show that the predicative approach to proper names can straightforwardly account for the distribution of a detectable naming component in proper names. Finally, I address the issue of proper names used as common nouns (such as a Rembrandt or the new Madonna) and plural proper names (e.g., the Beatles) and demonstrate that they do not form a homogenous group yet can be clearly distinguished on both syntactic and semantic grounds from proper names involving a detectable naming component.


Relative Clause Naming Convention Common Noun Definite Article Small Clause 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SFL (CNRS/Université Paris-8)ParisFrance
  2. 2.UiL OTS/Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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