, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp 47–69

Psychophysical dualism from the point of view of a working psychologist


DOI: 10.1007/s10670-006-9014-1

Cite this article as:
Molenaar, P.C.M. Erkenntnis (2006) 65: 47. doi:10.1007/s10670-006-9014-1


Cognitive neuroscience constitutes the third phase of development of the field of cognitive psychophysiology since it was established about half a century ago. A critical historical overview is given of this development, focusing on recurring problems that keep frustrating great expectations. It is argued that psychology has to regain its independent status with respect to cognitive neuroscience and should take psychophysical dualism seriously. A constructive quantum physical model for psychophysical interaction is presented, based on a new stochastic interpretation of the quantum potential in the de Broglie–Bohm theory. This model can be applied to analyze cognitive information processing in psychological experiments. It is shown that the quantum potential shares several features with Duns Scotus’ notion of contingent causality.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human Development and Family Studies, College of Health and Human DevelopmentThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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